SJ Chapman, Resident Blogger (’12, Northwestern University Law School)
Claire Cain Miller brought men into the reproductive justice spotlight last weekend with her great article, “Paternity Leave: The Rewards and the Remaining Stigma.” Turns out men who take paternity leave experience the same “motherhood penalty” that working women have historically been subject to. They receive worse job evaluations, lower raises, and are at greater risk of demotion or layoffs.
Taking parental leave isn’t an automatic right. The federal government requires only certain employers to provide leave: companies with 50 or more employers must provide 12 weeks of unpaid leave for new parents. The parents must have worked at the company for 12 months, and work within 75 miles of the workplace. Parents who want paid leave? They have to bank enough sick or vacation days over the years to use them as part of their leave.
Miller wrote that men who take leave are stigmatized because they are perceived to possess traits that normally stigmatize women, like weakness and uncertainty, instead of stereotypically male traits like competitiveness or ambition. I’ve heard these types of stories. A female friend told me ruefully that the culture at her husband’s employer – a big corporate bank – seriously discouraged men from taking paternity leave, even though the government required the bank to offer it. The attitude was that men should care more about work than their children.
When I worked at a large law firm in New York before law school, my supervising attorney bragged to me about how dedicated his colleague was by telling me that she scheduled her C-Section for a Friday night so she could work right up until that evening, and then be back at work within weeks. To him, he admired a woman who cares enough about work to not take a full 12 weeks maternity leave.
The thing is, people should care more about their children than their jobs. As Miller points out, men who take parental leave along with their partners turn out to be more involved fathers later on, and even bolster a mother’s future earnings by an average of 7% for every month of paternity leave. It’s time to stop stigmatizing people – female or male – who take time off after their child is born or adopted.